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四分之三的母亲说新冠病毒-19对她们的心理健康产生了负面影响

在宣布全英格兰范围的封锁和学校关闭后,调查结果和对在Mumsnet上发布数据的分析说明了流行病措施对妇女的心理健康影响,特别是那些一边工作一边照顾孩子的妇女。

通过创办人罗伯兹|最后更新日期:2021年5月26日

Following the announcement of an England-wide lockdown and school closures, survey results and analysis of posting data on Mumsnet illustrate the mental health effects of pandemic measures on women, and particularly those who are caring for children while holding down jobs.<\/p>","value":"

Following the announcement of an England-wide lockdown and school closures, survey results and analysis of posting data on Mumsnet illustrate the mental health effects of pandemic measures on women, and particularly those who are caring for children while holding down jobs.<\/p>"},{"meta_id":108129,"post_id":7510,"meta_key":"body_news_body","meta_value":"a:1:{i:0;s:7:\"content\";}","value":["content"]},{"meta_id":108130,"post_id":7510,"meta_key":"body_news_body_0_content","meta_value":"

In a Mumsnet survey of over 1500 women, 76% said that the pandemic has had a negative impact on their own mental health. 79% agreed that \u2018responsibility for home-schooling fell largely to me\u2019 under the last round of school closures and 77% agreed that \u2018it was impossible for me to work uninterrupted\u2019. Of those who had been in paid work in March 2020, 70% said they had struggled to balance work and childcare at home.<\/p>

As one Mumsnet user said yesterday, \u201cFor the first time since all of this started I just sat and cried. It feels like there\u2019s no end to any of it. I\u2019m usually good at finding the positives but I\u2019m struggling.\u201d<\/p>

Worries about money and work are also having a severe impact. 29% of those who are in paid work or seeking work expect to have their earnings reduced in the next six months and 10% expect to leave or be forced out of the labour market in the same period of time.<\/p>

School closures affect children too<\/h2>

Mothers are also desperately worried about how school and childcare closures affect their children. 88% say they are worried about the impact on their children\u2019s happiness, and 65% say the pandemic has had a negative impact on their children\u2019s mental health.<\/p>

83% of those with a child in education are worried about the impact on their children\u2019s education and academic progress. 70% of those with a child aged 12 to 17 are specifically worried about the impact on their children\u2019s attainment in future exams. 72% agree that children in fee-paying schools will have an unfair advantage over children in state schools because their learning will be less affected.<\/p>

A parent whose children are in secondary school wrote yesterday, \u201cThere is nothing in my children\u2019s lives. It\u2019s all been taken away again.They have no one to see and nowhere to go. And they know how long it went on for last time.\u201d<\/p>

Another wrote, \u201cAs an adult I can happily cope as long as I know what will happen. I really feel for kids who have been left up in the air. I don't ever want to hear the government say they care about mental health ever again.\u201d<\/p>

The survey also illustrates the wellbeing impacts of maternity service restrictions on those who have been pregnant and given birth over the past few months. Of those who have been pregnant during the time since 1 March 2020:<\/p>

  • 85% have been unable to have a partner with them at a healthcare appointment<\/li>
  • 88% have been unable to attend parent-and-baby groups<\/li>
  • 77% have felt scared or isolated at some point because of restrictions on visitors<\/li>
  • 71% have not been offered antenatal appointments<\/li>
  • 74% have had fewer Health Visitor or midwife home visits.<\/li><\/ul>

    Analysis of Mumsnet forum data from September to the present day shows marked spikes over the past few days in the use of words associated with distress, anxiety and hopelessness.<\/p>

    Over the past 24 hours users on Mumsnet have expressed their frustration and stress in no uncertain terms:<\/p>

    \u201cI\u2019m really not sure I can cope with two special needs kids at home, one of whom requires constant supervision, a teen, my job and my husband working. I might be begging the school to take the kids even for a bit. I can\u2019t homeschool either of the two with special needs as they struggle to work at home. I don\u2019t know where the light at the end of the tunnel even is\u201d<\/p>

    \u201cI feel pretty despondent. My husband\u2019s business will go under, our son is missing loads of school and the chance to make friends. I don\u2019t know what to do.\u201d<\/p>

    Mumsnet Founder Justine Roberts said:<\/strong> \u201cCovid-19 has had a sudden and catastrophic impact on women, and yesterday\u2019s announcement has left many of our users devastated and fearful about how they will cope. Thousands of women will once again have the impossible task of juggling work, childcare and home-schooling. Many will be furloughed, laid off or forced to reduce their hours while others will be catching up on work into the wee hours after the kids have gone to bed and will simply be exhausted and miserable. Whilst plenty of dads will suffer too, all the evidence shows that this will disproportionately hit mothers. During the last round of school closures mothers were able to do just one-third of the uninterrupted paid work hours that fathers were able to do. It\u2019s time for dads to step up and do their fair share of home-schooling, housework and childcare.\u201d<\/p>

    Survey of 1,517 female Mumsnet users, between 28th October and 26th November 2020. 94% of respondents had at least one child or were pregnant. 9% are currently or have been pregnant since 1 March 2020. The data is not weighted.<\/p>","value":"

    In a Mumsnet survey of over 1500 women, 76% said that the pandemic has had a negative impact on their own mental health. 79% agreed that \u2018responsibility for home-schooling fell largely to me\u2019 under the last round of school closures and 77% agreed that \u2018it was impossible for me to work uninterrupted\u2019. Of those who had been in paid work in March 2020, 70% said they had struggled to balance work and childcare at home.<\/p>

    As one Mumsnet user said yesterday, \u201cFor the first time since all of this started I just sat and cried. It feels like there\u2019s no end to any of it. I\u2019m usually good at finding the positives but I\u2019m struggling.\u201d<\/p>

    Worries about money and work are also having a severe impact. 29% of those who are in paid work or seeking work expect to have their earnings reduced in the next six months and 10% expect to leave or be forced out of the labour market in the same period of time.<\/p>

    School closures affect children too<\/h2>

    Mothers are also desperately worried about how school and childcare closures affect their children. 88% say they are worried about the impact on their children\u2019s happiness, and 65% say the pandemic has had a negative impact on their children\u2019s mental health.<\/p>

    83% of those with a child in education are worried about the impact on their children\u2019s education and academic progress. 70% of those with a child aged 12 to 17 are specifically worried about the impact on their children\u2019s attainment in future exams. 72% agree that children in fee-paying schools will have an unfair advantage over children in state schools because their learning will be less affected.<\/p>

    A parent whose children are in secondary school wrote yesterday, \u201cThere is nothing in my children\u2019s lives. It\u2019s all been taken away again.They have no one to see and nowhere to go. And they know how long it went on for last time.\u201d<\/p>

    Another wrote, \u201cAs an adult I can happily cope as long as I know what will happen. I really feel for kids who have been left up in the air. I don't ever want to hear the government say they care about mental health ever again.\u201d<\/p>

    The survey also illustrates the wellbeing impacts of maternity service restrictions on those who have been pregnant and given birth over the past few months. Of those who have been pregnant during the time since 1 March 2020:<\/p>

    • 85% have been unable to have a partner with them at a healthcare appointment<\/li>
    • 88% have been unable to attend parent-and-baby groups<\/li>
    • 77% have felt scared or isolated at some point because of restrictions on visitors<\/li>
    • 71% have not been offered antenatal appointments<\/li>
    • 74% have had fewer Health Visitor or midwife home visits.<\/li><\/ul>

      Analysis of Mumsnet forum data from September to the present day shows marked spikes over the past few days in the use of words associated with distress, anxiety and hopelessness.<\/p>

      Over the past 24 hours users on Mumsnet have expressed their frustration and stress in no uncertain terms:<\/p>

      \u201cI\u2019m really not sure I can cope with two special needs kids at home, one of whom requires constant supervision, a teen, my job and my husband working. I might be begging the school to take the kids even for a bit. I can\u2019t homeschool either of the two with special needs as they struggle to work at home. I don\u2019t know where the light at the end of the tunnel even is\u201d<\/p>

      \u201cI feel pretty despondent. My husband\u2019s business will go under, our son is missing loads of school and the chance to make friends. I don\u2019t know what to do.\u201d<\/p>

      Mumsnet Founder Justine Roberts said:<\/strong> \u201cCovid-19 has had a sudden and catastrophic impact on women, and yesterday\u2019s announcement has left many of our users devastated and fearful about how they will cope. Thousands of women will once again have the impossible task of juggling work, childcare and home-schooling. Many will be furloughed, laid off or forced to reduce their hours while others will be catching up on work into the wee hours after the kids have gone to bed and will simply be exhausted and miserable. Whilst plenty of dads will suffer too, all the evidence shows that this will disproportionately hit mothers. During the last round of school closures mothers were able to do just one-third of the uninterrupted paid work hours that fathers were able to do. It\u2019s time for dads to step up and do their fair share of home-schooling, housework and childcare.\u201d<\/p>

      Survey of 1,517 female Mumsnet users, between 28th October and 26th November 2020. 94% of respondents had at least one child or were pregnant. 9% are currently or have been pregnant since 1 March 2020. The data is not weighted.<\/p>"},{"meta_id":220441,"post_id":7510,"meta_key":"_edit_lock","meta_value":"1622108738:5","value":"1622108738:5"},{"meta_id":220836,"post_id":7510,"meta_key":"_edit_last","meta_value":"5","value":"5"},{"meta_id":220837,"post_id":7510,"meta_key":"_metadata_meta_title","meta_value":"field_5ff8482f6b791","value":"field_5ff8482f6b791"},{"meta_id":220838,"post_id":7510,"meta_key":"_metadata_meta_description","meta_value":"field_5ff848406b792","value":"field_5ff848406b792"},{"meta_id":220839,"post_id":7510,"meta_key":"metadata_do_not_allow_indexing","meta_value":"0","value":"0"},{"meta_id":220840,"post_id":7510,"meta_key":"_metadata_do_not_allow_indexing","meta_value":"field_60255d5f751c0","value":"field_60255d5f751c0"},{"meta_id":220841,"post_id":7510,"meta_key":"metadata","meta_value":"","value":""},{"meta_id":220842,"post_id":7510,"meta_key":"_metadata","meta_value":"field_5fd3830066848","value":"field_5fd3830066848"},{"meta_id":220843,"post_id":7510,"meta_key":"meta_data","meta_value":"","value":""},{"meta_id":220844,"post_id":7510,"meta_key":"_meta_data","meta_value":"field_5fdb87e864345","value":"field_5fdb87e864345"},{"meta_id":220845,"post_id":7510,"meta_key":"_standfirst","meta_value":"field_5fd780c885c09","value":"field_5fd780c885c09"},{"meta_id":220846,"post_id":7510,"meta_key":"content_author","meta_value":"8029","value":"8029"},{"meta_id":220847,"post_id":7510,"meta_key":"_content_author","meta_value":"field_5fdb87f664347","value":"field_5fdb87f664347"},{"meta_id":220848,"post_id":7510,"meta_key":"hero_image","meta_value":"9607","value":"9607"},{"meta_id":220849,"post_id":7510,"meta_key":"_hero_image","meta_value":"field_6001cf71533a1","value":"field_6001cf71533a1"},{"meta_id":220850,"post_id":7510,"meta_key":"_body_news_body_0_content","meta_value":"field_5ff5e32e00b35","value":"field_5ff5e32e00b35"},{"meta_id":220851,"post_id":7510,"meta_key":"_body_news_body","meta_value":"field_5ff5e30b00b34","value":"field_5ff5e30b00b34"},{"meta_id":220852,"post_id":7510,"meta_key":"body_news","meta_value":"","value":""},{"meta_id":220853,"post_id":7510,"meta_key":"_body_news","meta_value":"field_5ff718211989b","value":"field_5ff718211989b"},{"meta_id":220854,"post_id":7510,"meta_key":"default_hub","meta_value":"8067","value":"8067"},{"meta_id":220855,"post_id":7510,"meta_key":"_default_hub","meta_value":"field_5fd780c885d66","value":"field_5fd780c885d66"},{"meta_id":220856,"post_id":7510,"meta_key":"hub_data_hub_image","meta_value":"","value":""},{"meta_id":220857,"post_id":7510,"meta_key":"_hub_data_hub_image","meta_value":"field_5ff46fa656d18","value":"field_5ff46fa656d18"},{"meta_id":220858,"post_id":7510,"meta_key":"hub_data_hub_title","meta_value":"","value":""},{"meta_id":220859,"post_id":7510,"meta_key":"_hub_data_hub_title","meta_value":"field_5ff847a9e8dce","value":"field_5ff847a9e8dce"},{"meta_id":220860,"post_id":7510,"meta_key":"hub_data_hub_teaser_text","meta_value":"","value":""},{"meta_id":220861,"post_id":7510,"meta_key":"_hub_data_hub_teaser_text","meta_value":"field_5ff8686325fd2","value":"field_5ff8686325fd2"},{"meta_id":220862,"post_id":7510,"meta_key":"hub_data","meta_value":"","value":""},{"meta_id":220863,"post_id":7510,"meta_key":"_hub_data","meta_value":"field_5ff4706a922dc","value":"field_5ff4706a922dc"},{"meta_id":220864,"post_id":7510,"meta_key":"manual_related_links","meta_value":"","value":""},{"meta_id":220865,"post_id":7510,"meta_key":"_manual_related_links","meta_value":"field_5fd780c885fe8","value":"field_5fd780c885fe8"},{"meta_id":220866,"post_id":7510,"meta_key":"sponsor","meta_value":"","value":""},{"meta_id":220867,"post_id":7510,"meta_key":"_sponsor","meta_value":"field_5fd780c886084","value":"field_5fd780c886084"},{"meta_id":220904,"post_id":7510,"meta_key":"_expiration-date-status","meta_value":"saved","value":"saved"}],"taxonomies":[{"term_taxonomy_id":58,"term_id":58,"taxonomy":"category","description":"","parent":0,"count":140,"pivot":{"object_id":7510,"term_taxonomy_id":58},"term":{"term_id":58,"name":"Parenting","slug":"parenting","term_group":0}},{"term_taxonomy_id":61,"term_id":61,"taxonomy":"category","description":"","parent":0,"count":42,"pivot":{"object_id":7510,"term_taxonomy_id":61},"term":{"term_id":61,"name":"News","slug":"news","term_group":0}},{"term_taxonomy_id":102,"term_id":102,"taxonomy":"category","description":"","parent":0,"count":68,"pivot":{"object_id":7510,"term_taxonomy_id":102},"term":{"term_id":102,"name":"Health","slug":"health","term_group":0}}],"thumbnail":null}">

当丈夫在模糊的背景下照顾婴儿时,女人工作并吃吐司

在Mumsnet对1500多名妇女进行的一项调查中,76%的人表示该流行病对她们自身的心理健康产生了负面影响。79%的人同意在上一轮学校停课时“家庭教育的责任主要落在我身上”,77%的人同意“我不可能不间断地工作”。在2020年3月从事有薪工作的人中,70%的人表示,他们一直在努力平衡工作和在家照顾孩子。

正如一位Mumsnet用户昨天所说,“自从这一切开始以来,我第一次坐在那里哭泣。感觉这一切都没有结束。我通常很善于发现积极的一面,但我正在努力。”

对金钱和工作的担忧也产生了严重的影响。29%从事有薪工作或正在寻找工作的人预计在未来六个月收入会减少,10%的人预计在同一时期离开或被迫退出劳动力市场。

学校关闭也影响到儿童

母亲们也非常担心学校和托儿所的关闭对孩子的影响。88%的人说他们担心这会影响孩子的幸福感,65%的人说这场流行病对孩子的心理健康产生了负面影响。

83%有子女接受教育的人担心这会对子女的教育和学业进步造成影响。70%的孩子年龄在12岁到17岁之间的人特别担心孩子在未来考试中的成绩会受到影响。72%的人认为收费学校的孩子比公立学校的孩子有不公平的优势,因为他们的学习受到的影响较小。

一位孩子上中学的家长昨天写道:“我孩子的生命中没有任何东西,一切又被夺走了。他们没有人可看,也没有地方可去。他们知道这是最后一次有多长时间。”

另一个人写道:“作为一个成年人,只要我知道会发生什么,我就可以愉快地应付。我真的很同情那些被抛在空中的孩子。我再也不想听到政府说他们关心精神健康了。”

这项调查还说明了孕产妇服务限制对过去几个月怀孕和分娩的人的福利影响。自2020年3月1日以来怀孕的人:

  • 85%的人无法在医疗保健预约时与伴侣在一起
  • 88%的人无法参加家长和婴儿小组
  • 77%的人曾因游客受到限制而感到害怕或孤立
  • 71%的人没有得到产前预约
  • 74%的人很少有健康来访者或助产士家访。

对从9月至今的Mumsnet论坛数据的分析表明,过去几天中,与痛苦、焦虑和绝望相关的词语的使用出现了显著的高峰。

在过去的24小时里,Mumsnet上的用户毫不含糊地表达了他们的沮丧和压力:

“我真的不确定我能不能在家里照顾两个有特殊需要的孩子,其中一个需要不断的监督,一个十几岁的孩子,我的工作和我的丈夫在工作。我可能会恳求学校带孩子们哪怕是一点时间。我不能在家里教育两个有特殊需要的孩子中的任何一个,因为他们都很难在家工作。我不知道e隧道的nd甚至是“

“我感到非常沮丧。我丈夫的生意将破产,我们的儿子失去了大量的学业和交朋友的机会。我不知道该怎么办。”

Mumsnet创始人贾斯汀·罗伯茨说:“新冠病毒-19对女性造成了突然的灾难性影响,昨天的宣布让我们的许多用户感到震惊,担心他们将如何应对。成千上万的女性将再次面临兼顾工作、托儿和家庭教育的不可能任务。许多人将被休假、下岗或被迫减少工作时间其他人会在孩子们上床睡觉后的凌晨赶工,他们会感到疲惫和痛苦。虽然很多父亲也会受苦,但所有证据表明,这对母亲的打击不成比例。在上一轮学校停课期间,母亲只能完成三分之一不间断的带薪工作父亲们能够做到的k小时。是时候让父亲们站出来,在家庭教育、家务劳动和儿童保育方面尽自己的一份力量了。”

2020年10月28日至11月26日,对1517名女性Mumsnet用户进行了调查。94%的受访者至少有一个孩子或怀孕。9%目前或自2020年3月1日以来怀孕。数据没有加权。

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