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蛲虫的治疗

这不是一个有趣的话题,但底线是,在英国,多达一半的儿童在10岁之前就会染上丝虫。诸如夜间搔屁股,然后是可怕的白色小虫子,这意味着你的孩子——很可能还有家里的其他人——被感染了。

Mumsnet总部|最后更新,2021年7月13日

It's not a lovely subject, but the bottom line is that up to half of children in the UK will have caught threadworms before they reach the age of 10. Signs such as night-time bottom scratching, followed by the dread sight of little white worms, mean your child - and quite possibly the rest of the family - is infected.<\/p>","value":"

It's not a lovely subject, but the bottom line is that up to half of children in the UK will have caught threadworms before they reach the age of 10. Signs such as night-time bottom scratching, followed by the dread sight of little white worms, mean your child - and quite possibly the rest of the family - is infected.<\/p>"},{"meta_id":108638,"post_id":7615,"meta_key":"body","meta_value":"a:7:{i:0;s:7:\"content\";i:1;s:3:\"mpu\";i:2;s:7:\"content\";i:3;s:7:\"content\";i:4;s:7:\"content\";i:5;s:3:\"mpu\";i:6;s:7:\"content\";}","value":["content","mpu","content","content","content","mpu","content"]},{"meta_id":108641,"post_id":7615,"meta_key":"body_0_content","meta_value":"

What are threadworms?<\/strong><\/p>

Threadworms, also known as pinworms, are tiny parasitic worms that hatch eggs in the large intestines of humans. Yes, it sounds pretty unpleasant but they're common, mostly harmless and not that difficult to get rid of.<\/p>","value":"

What are threadworms?<\/strong><\/p>

Threadworms, also known as pinworms, are tiny parasitic worms that hatch eggs in the large intestines of humans. Yes, it sounds pretty unpleasant but they're common, mostly harmless and not that difficult to get rid of.<\/p>"},{"meta_id":324823,"post_id":7615,"meta_key":"_edit_last","meta_value":"5","value":"5"},{"meta_id":324824,"post_id":7615,"meta_key":"_expiration-date-status","meta_value":"saved","value":"saved"},{"meta_id":324825,"post_id":7615,"meta_key":"_edit_lock","meta_value":"1626194259:5","value":"1626194259:5"},{"meta_id":324999,"post_id":7615,"meta_key":"_metadata_meta_title","meta_value":"field_5ff8482f6b791","value":"field_5ff8482f6b791"},{"meta_id":325000,"post_id":7615,"meta_key":"_metadata_meta_description","meta_value":"field_5ff848406b792","value":"field_5ff848406b792"},{"meta_id":325001,"post_id":7615,"meta_key":"metadata_do_not_allow_indexing","meta_value":"0","value":"0"},{"meta_id":325002,"post_id":7615,"meta_key":"_metadata_do_not_allow_indexing","meta_value":"field_60255d5f751c0","value":"field_60255d5f751c0"},{"meta_id":325003,"post_id":7615,"meta_key":"metadata","meta_value":"","value":""},{"meta_id":325004,"post_id":7615,"meta_key":"_metadata","meta_value":"field_5fd3830066848","value":"field_5fd3830066848"},{"meta_id":325005,"post_id":7615,"meta_key":"show_sponsored_content_disclaimer","meta_value":"0","value":"0"},{"meta_id":325006,"post_id":7615,"meta_key":"_show_sponsored_content_disclaimer","meta_value":"field_6070087df5508","value":"field_6070087df5508"},{"meta_id":325007,"post_id":7615,"meta_key":"_standfirst","meta_value":"field_5fd38e9e96b76","value":"field_5fd38e9e96b76"},{"meta_id":325008,"post_id":7615,"meta_key":"content_author","meta_value":"8069","value":"8069"},{"meta_id":325009,"post_id":7615,"meta_key":"_content_author","meta_value":"field_5fd379f22a693","value":"field_5fd379f22a693"},{"meta_id":325010,"post_id":7615,"meta_key":"hero_image","meta_value":"10854","value":"10854"},{"meta_id":325011,"post_id":7615,"meta_key":"_hero_image","meta_value":"field_6006f13821768","value":"field_6006f13821768"},{"meta_id":325012,"post_id":7615,"meta_key":"_body_0_content","meta_value":"field_5ff5e32e00b35","value":"field_5ff5e32e00b35"},{"meta_id":325013,"post_id":7615,"meta_key":"body_1_id","meta_value":"1","value":"1"},{"meta_id":325014,"post_id":7615,"meta_key":"_body_1_id","meta_value":"field_605356a45ac1b","value":"field_605356a45ac1b"},{"meta_id":325015,"post_id":7615,"meta_key":"body_2_content","meta_value":"

How to recognise threadworms<\/h4>

Threadworms look like small white pieces of thread, hence the name. The first sign is often (but not always) severe anal and\/or vaginal itching, usually at night, and you might also notice them around your child's bottom, or in your or your child's stools.<\/p>

Threadworm life cycle<\/h4>

Threadworms lay their eggs the anus or vagina, usually during the night. They also leave mucus <eeeuch>, which causes the itching.\u00a0If someone scratches their bottom and then touches their mouth with eggs on their fingers, they swallow the eggs, which then hatch in their large intestine.\u00a0Eggs left on the anus will hatch there and the worms will then re-enter the bowel.\u00a0<\/p>

(And you thought headlice<\/a> were bad.)<\/p>","value":"

How to recognise threadworms<\/h4>

Threadworms look like small white pieces of thread, hence the name. The first sign is often (but not always) severe anal and\/or vaginal itching, usually at night, and you might also notice them around your child's bottom, or in your or your child's stools.<\/p>

Threadworm life cycle<\/h4>

Threadworms lay their eggs the anus or vagina, usually during the night. They also leave mucus <eeeuch>, which causes the itching.\u00a0If someone scratches their bottom and then touches their mouth with eggs on their fingers, they swallow the eggs, which then hatch in their large intestine.\u00a0Eggs left on the anus will hatch there and the worms will then re-enter the bowel.\u00a0<\/p>

(And you thought headlice<\/a> were bad.)<\/p>"},{"meta_id":325016,"post_id":7615,"meta_key":"_body_2_content","meta_value":"field_5ff5e32e00b35","value":"field_5ff5e32e00b35"},{"meta_id":325017,"post_id":7615,"meta_key":"body_3_content","meta_value":"

How to treat threadworms and prevent them coming back<\/h4>

The good news is that threadworms can be killed with medication from your chemist. The bad news is that the medicine won't kill their eggs.<\/p>

The only way to eliminate the threadworm life-cycle is through good hygiene - the whole family has to wash their hands (and bottoms) regularly. We're talking super-hygiene here.\u00a0<\/p>

Threadworms can survive for up to three weeks on a surface if undisturbed, so your mission is to make sure they don't have the opportunity.<\/p>

With medication, you'll need to follow this routine for three weeks. Without medication, you'll need to continue it for six weeks.<\/p>

幼儿洗手

线虫类是什么?

丝虫,也称为蛲虫,是一种微小的寄生蠕虫,在人类的大肠中孵化卵。是的,听起来很不愉快,但它们很常见,大多无害,也不难摆脱。

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如何识别丝虫

线虫看起来像白色的小丝线,因此得名。第一个症状通常是(但不总是)严重的肛门和/或阴道瘙痒,通常是在晚上,你可能还会注意到它们在你孩子的臀部周围,或在你或你的孩子的粪便中。

线虫生命周期

蛲虫通常在夜间在肛门或阴道产卵。它们也会留下引起瘙痒的黏液。如果有人挠它们的屁股,然后用手指上的蛋碰它们的嘴,它们就会吞下蛋,然后在它们的大肠中孵化。留在肛门上的卵会在那里孵化,然后蠕虫会重新进入肠道。

(你认为头饰是坏的。)

如何治疗丝虫,防止它们卷土重来

好消息是,你的药剂师可以用药物杀死线虫。坏消息是这种药不会杀死它们的卵。

消除丝虫生命周期的唯一方法是保持良好的卫生习惯——全家都必须定期洗手(和洗屁股)。我们在谈论超级卫生。

如果不受干扰,丝虫可以在水面上存活长达三周,所以你的任务是确保它们没有机会。

在药物治疗中,你需要遵循这个惯例三周。没有药物治疗,你需要继续治疗六个星期。

  • 立即清洗所有的睡衣、毛巾、软玩具和被褥;只要一切都洗干净了,40°C就可以了。不要摇晃任何未洗的物品,例如衣服和床单,它们可能含有鸡蛋。
  • 用吸尘器彻底清扫整个房子,尤其是卧室,用热水把浴室和厨房的灰尘吸湿。
  • 不要在卧室里吃东西,否则你可能会吞下被褥上的鸡蛋。
  • 让全家人的指甲都保持短,不鼓励咬指甲和吮吸拇指或手指。
  • 要经常洗手,尤其是饭前、如厕后、换尿布前后。记得把指甲下面擦干净。
  • 确保所有家庭成员晚上都穿贴身内衣,第二天早上再换。棉质手套可能也有帮助。
  • 每天早上第一件事就是洗澡,特别是清洗肛门和阴道。
  • 确保每个人都有自己的毛巾和法兰绒。
  • 将牙刷放在封闭的橱柜或盒子里,并在使用前彻底清洗。
  • 没有办法保证你的孩子不会再次感染,但经常洗手和讲卫生会使治疗更容易。

相关:如何去除头虱

对待全家

家庭成员之间感染的风险是令人沮丧的75%,所以无论家庭成员是否有症状,每个人都接受治疗是很重要的。

对于任何两岁以上的人来说,通常的治疗是甲苯咪唑(也被称为Ovex),它可以作为咀嚼片或液体,阻止蛲虫吸收葡萄糖,从而使它们在几天内饿死。很可能两周后你们还需要再吃一次药。

3个月到2岁的儿童可能会服用哌嗪,它是一种粉末,与牛奶或水混合。它使线虫瘫痪,直到它们从肠道自然排出。

如果你正在怀孕、哺乳期或有三个月以下的婴儿,你需要使用以上详细的卫生方法来处理这个问题。如果这不起作用,和你的家庭医生谈谈。

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妈妈们怎么说对付丝虫

“如果你想检查你的孩子是否有蛲虫,试着等到她睡着了,然后用手电筒看看她的屁股。”

“洗牛仔裤、慢跑裤、体育用品等。它并不总是来自宠物,他们也可以从学校和托儿所的其他孩子那里学到。”

“有人告诉我,多吃大蒜和吃磨碎的胡萝卜是有益的,因为它们像天然的消毒剂一样可以杀死肠道中的蠕虫。”

“每次换尿布时,在婴儿的肛门上涂一滴凡士林,这样,一旦婴儿被感染,蠕虫就无法将卵粘住,也无法爬回婴儿体内。”

“小心地脱下内衣,因为微小的卵子会掉出来,很容易再次感染。”

图片:在上面

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