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青少年饮食失调

如果你认为当你的孩子不再是一个蹒跚学步的孩子时,你就把对食物的担忧抛在脑后了,那你就大错特错了。一旦他或她进入青春期,饮食问题可能会卷土重来,青少年比任何其他年龄段的人都更容易出现饮食失调。

Mumsnet的总部|最后更新,2021年6月7日

If you thought you'd left worries about food behind when your child stopped being a toddler, think again. Once he or she hits puberty, eating issues can come back with a vengeance and teenagers are more vulnerable to eating disorders than any other age group.\u00a0<\/p>","value":"

If you thought you'd left worries about food behind when your child stopped being a toddler, think again. Once he or she hits puberty, eating issues can come back with a vengeance and teenagers are more vulnerable to eating disorders than any other age group.\u00a0<\/p>"},{"meta_id":107512,"post_id":7372,"meta_key":"body","meta_value":"a:5:{i:0;s:7:\"content\";i:1;s:3:\"mpu\";i:2;s:7:\"content\";i:3;s:3:\"mpu\";i:4;s:7:\"content\";}","value":["content","mpu","content","mpu","content"]},{"meta_id":107517,"post_id":7372,"meta_key":"body_0_content","meta_value":"

Eating disorders are serious mental illnesses, which can have severe consequences. Although more common in girls than boys, boys certainly aren't immune. And anyone can develop an eating disorder, regardless of age, gender or background.<\/p>","value":"

Eating disorders are serious mental illnesses, which can have severe consequences. Although more common in girls than boys, boys certainly aren't immune. And anyone can develop an eating disorder, regardless of age, gender or background.<\/p>"},{"meta_id":561326,"post_id":7372,"meta_key":"_edit_last","meta_value":"15","value":"15"},{"meta_id":561347,"post_id":7372,"meta_key":"_expiration-date-status","meta_value":"saved","value":"saved"},{"meta_id":561349,"post_id":7372,"meta_key":"_edit_lock","meta_value":"1623082132:15","value":"1623082132:15"},{"meta_id":561536,"post_id":7372,"meta_key":"_metadata_meta_title","meta_value":"field_5ff8482f6b791","value":"field_5ff8482f6b791"},{"meta_id":561537,"post_id":7372,"meta_key":"_metadata_meta_description","meta_value":"field_5ff848406b792","value":"field_5ff848406b792"},{"meta_id":561538,"post_id":7372,"meta_key":"metadata_do_not_allow_indexing","meta_value":"0","value":"0"},{"meta_id":561539,"post_id":7372,"meta_key":"_metadata_do_not_allow_indexing","meta_value":"field_60255d5f751c0","value":"field_60255d5f751c0"},{"meta_id":561540,"post_id":7372,"meta_key":"metadata","meta_value":"","value":""},{"meta_id":561541,"post_id":7372,"meta_key":"_metadata","meta_value":"field_5fd3830066848","value":"field_5fd3830066848"},{"meta_id":561542,"post_id":7372,"meta_key":"show_sponsored_content_disclaimer","meta_value":"0","value":"0"},{"meta_id":561543,"post_id":7372,"meta_key":"_show_sponsored_content_disclaimer","meta_value":"field_6070087df5508","value":"field_6070087df5508"},{"meta_id":561544,"post_id":7372,"meta_key":"_standfirst","meta_value":"field_5fd38e9e96b76","value":"field_5fd38e9e96b76"},{"meta_id":561545,"post_id":7372,"meta_key":"content_author","meta_value":"8069","value":"8069"},{"meta_id":561546,"post_id":7372,"meta_key":"_content_author","meta_value":"field_5fd379f22a693","value":"field_5fd379f22a693"},{"meta_id":561547,"post_id":7372,"meta_key":"hero_image","meta_value":"13926","value":"13926"},{"meta_id":561548,"post_id":7372,"meta_key":"_hero_image","meta_value":"field_6006f13821768","value":"field_6006f13821768"},{"meta_id":561549,"post_id":7372,"meta_key":"_body_0_content","meta_value":"field_5ff5e32e00b35","value":"field_5ff5e32e00b35"},{"meta_id":561550,"post_id":7372,"meta_key":"_body","meta_value":"field_5ff5e30b00b34","value":"field_5ff5e30b00b34"},{"meta_id":561551,"post_id":7372,"meta_key":"default_hub","meta_value":"8089","value":"8089"},{"meta_id":561552,"post_id":7372,"meta_key":"_default_hub","meta_value":"field_5fd379f22a5f0","value":"field_5fd379f22a5f0"},{"meta_id":561553,"post_id":7372,"meta_key":"hub_data_hub_image","meta_value":"","value":""},{"meta_id":561554,"post_id":7372,"meta_key":"_hub_data_hub_image","meta_value":"field_5ff46fa656d18","value":"field_5ff46fa656d18"},{"meta_id":561555,"post_id":7372,"meta_key":"hub_data_hub_title","meta_value":"","value":""},{"meta_id":561556,"post_id":7372,"meta_key":"_hub_data_hub_title","meta_value":"field_5ff847a9e8dce","value":"field_5ff847a9e8dce"},{"meta_id":561557,"post_id":7372,"meta_key":"hub_data_hub_teaser_text","meta_value":"","value":""},{"meta_id":561558,"post_id":7372,"meta_key":"_hub_data_hub_teaser_text","meta_value":"field_5ff8686325fd2","value":"field_5ff8686325fd2"},{"meta_id":561559,"post_id":7372,"meta_key":"hub_data","meta_value":"","value":""},{"meta_id":561560,"post_id":7372,"meta_key":"_hub_data","meta_value":"field_5fd37e2cba3bd","value":"field_5fd37e2cba3bd"},{"meta_id":561561,"post_id":7372,"meta_key":"manual_related_links","meta_value":"","value":""},{"meta_id":561562,"post_id":7372,"meta_key":"_manual_related_links","meta_value":"field_5fd37f6aba3c0","value":"field_5fd37f6aba3c0"},{"meta_id":561563,"post_id":7372,"meta_key":"sponsor","meta_value":"","value":""},{"meta_id":561564,"post_id":7372,"meta_key":"_sponsor","meta_value":"field_5fd3805f79998","value":"field_5fd3805f79998"},{"meta_id":562785,"post_id":7372,"meta_key":"body_1_id","meta_value":"1","value":"1"},{"meta_id":562786,"post_id":7372,"meta_key":"_body_1_id","meta_value":"field_605356a45ac1b","value":"field_605356a45ac1b"},{"meta_id":562787,"post_id":7372,"meta_key":"body_2_content","meta_value":"

What are eating disorders?<\/h3>

Anorexia nervosa<\/strong> is an extreme fear of weight gain, which makes a person obsessed with losing weight, usually through fasting, calorie-controlled diets, and sometimes sticking to a very rigid selection of food. Some teens with anorexia also exercise compulsively to control their weight.<\/p>

People with anorexia may also have body dysmorphia, where they have a distorted view of their build and assumer they're much larger than they actually are.<\/p>

Bulimia<\/strong> is a similar condition characterised by a fear of weight gain. It involves binge eating, where a lot of food (usually junk food) is consumed rapidly, typically alone. This is usually purged by either self-induced vomiting or the use of laxatives, but can be compensated for by fasting, or exercising compulsively.<\/p>

Binge-eating disorder<\/strong> is similar to bulimia. Sufferers will binge eat large amounts of food but will not use any behaviour such as purging or calorie restriction to compensate for it.<\/p>

You might also be interested in<\/strong><\/p>

饮食失调

饮食失调是严重的精神疾病,会导致严重的后果。虽然女孩比男孩更常见,但男孩当然不能免疫。任何人都可能患上饮食失调,不论年龄、性别或背景。

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什么是饮食失调?

神经性厌食症减肥是一种对体重增加的极端恐惧,它使一个人沉迷于减肥,通常通过禁食、控制热量的饮食,有时坚持非常严格的食物选择。一些患有厌食症的青少年还会强迫性地锻炼以控制体重。

患有厌食症的人可能还有身体畸形,他们对自己的体型有一种扭曲的看法,认为自己比实际要大得多。

贪食症是一种类似的症状,特征是害怕体重增加。它包括暴饮暴食,即大量的食物(通常是垃圾食品)被迅速地吃掉,通常是一个人吃掉。这通常是通过自我诱导的呕吐或使用泻药来清除,但也可以通过禁食或强迫性运动来补偿。

暴饮暴食类似于暴食症。患者会暴饮暴食,但不会用任何行为,如消化或限制卡路里来弥补。

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你的孩子可能并不完全属于这些类别,但可能表现出不同障碍的混合症状。这并没有减轻他们饮食失调的严重程度。

虽然表面上看,饮食失调似乎与食物和体重有关,但实际上它们可能是应对或表达困难情绪的方式。当你向你的孩子询问他们的饮食行为时,记住这一点很重要。

青少年饮食失调的症状有哪些?

许多年轻人——多达70%的少女和数量较少但不断增长的男孩——开始节食。

“男孩的厌食症通常表现为过度运动和饮食不足。”

但患有饮食失调的青少年则走得更远。他们可能会禁食、不吃饭、让自己生病,或者服用减肥药或泻药来减少他们正在消化的卡路里。他们也可能为了燃烧掉大量的卡路里而强迫锻炼。

在我们的论坛和其他家长聊天

你的孩子可能有饮食失调的其他迹象是:

  • 他们对吃什么很严格,只吃很狭窄的一组食物吗
  • 对他们吃什么很固执
  • 避免他们可能会比平时吃得更多的情况
  • 减肥(虽然患有暴食症的青少年可能有平均体重或略低于平均体重,暴饮暴食的青少年可能超重)
  • 秘密行动
  • 经常上厕所,尤其是饭后
  • 经常锻炼(这可能包括帮助你一个袋子一个袋子地购物,或主动帮助你做家务;这些看似有益的行为可能是你的孩子试图燃烧更多的卡路里)
  • 饮食失调往往会使年轻人抑郁孤僻,他们也可能有攻击性,尤其是当你问他们饮食习惯和为什么他们不吃更多的时候
  • 经常感到寒冷,有时失眠

是什么导致了饮食失调?

目前还不清楚是什么导致了饮食失调,但多种因素的组合似乎有助于饮食失调的发展。这些可能是遗传因素,如人格特征,或环境因素,如身体创伤或困难的生活事件。

情绪压力是导致饮食失调的重要原因。患有这些疾病的年轻人经常感到失控,体重和饮食似乎是他们可以控制的。

“许多厌食症患者都取得了很高的成就——这是一个典型特征。”

导致饮食失调的其他因素;例如,媒体上瘦骨嶙峋的模特形象助长了一种文化,即对那些身材“不完美”的人不那么宽容。

青春期的开始可能会引发饮食失调,这可能是因为青春期会导致体重增加,而这对于处于压力下的青少年来说是不可接受的。

“厌食症是一种瘾,就像酗酒或毒瘾一样。当你的血糖水平下降到一定水平时,你的身体会产生大量的肾上腺素——这就是你女儿上瘾的东西。理解这一点很重要——但即使你理解了,厌食症对所有相关的人来说都是一种非常孤独的疾病。”

你能做些什么来帮助你的孩子?

如果你注意到你的孩子饮食失调的一些迹象和症状,或者如果你担心他们饮食的任何方面,让他们寻求你的支持是很重要的。他们越早接受治疗,完全康复的机会就越大。

你能做的最重要的事情就是停止谈论你孩子的体重和饮食问题。为什么如此?患有饮食失调症的人通常认为他们周围的人不顾一切地想让他们变胖。如果你一直在吃,你只会强化这种感觉。

如果你能让你的孩子明白真相,那就更好了——你感兴趣的是她或他,而不是她或他吃的东西。要感兴趣并倾听孩子所有的烦恼,不要把话题转回到食物上。

寻求建议和支持,请拨打Beat热线0845 634 1414,或访问www.b-eat.co.uk,和你的家庭医生谈谈。试着向你的孩子解释你为什么担心他们,并鼓励他们去看医生,在你的支持下。

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你不能独自解决饮食失调问题——你需要专家的支持。和你的家庭医生谈谈如何获得支持。治疗可能是有用的,不仅对你患有饮食障碍的孩子,而且对你的整个家庭,因为可能有整个家庭的问题会对患有饮食障碍的青少年产生影响。

不要忽视饮食失调对你和你的健康的影响——也要照顾好自己。

最近更新:大约6年前

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