广告

加入

英国汽车座椅法规解释

汽车座椅法规可能会让人感到困惑,尤其是2013年和2017年出台的新法律。但重要的是,在你购买之前,确保你了解最新信息。以下是你需要知道的

Mumsnet的总部|最后更新,2021年7月12日

Car seat regulations can be confusing, especially with new laws introduced in 2013 and 2017. But it's important to ensure you're informed and up to date before you buy. Here's what you need to know<\/p>","value":"

Car seat regulations can be confusing, especially with new laws introduced in 2013 and 2017. But it's important to ensure you're informed and up to date before you buy. Here's what you need to know<\/p>"},{"meta_id":106197,"post_id":7108,"meta_key":"body","meta_value":"a:13:{i:0;s:7:\"content\";i:1;s:3:\"mpu\";i:2;s:7:\"content\";i:3;s:11:\"block-quote\";i:4;s:7:\"content\";i:5;s:7:\"content\";i:6;s:5:\"image\";i:7;s:7:\"content\";i:8;s:7:\"content\";i:9;s:5:\"image\";i:10;s:7:\"content\";i:11;s:3:\"mpu\";i:12;s:7:\"content\";}","value":["content","mpu","content","block-quote","content","content","image","content","content","image","content","mpu","content"]},{"meta_id":106201,"post_id":7108,"meta_key":"body_0_content","meta_value":"

Car seat legislation explained<\/h2>

UK law states that children under the age of 12 or 1.35m\/4ft 4in tall (whichever comes first) travelling in a car or van must use an age-\/size-appropriate car seat. What's deemed 'appropriate' changes as your child grows \u2013 more on each stage later.<\/p>","value":"

Car seat legislation explained<\/h2>

UK law states that children under the age of 12 or 1.35m\/4ft 4in tall (whichever comes first) travelling in a car or van must use an age-\/size-appropriate car seat. What's deemed 'appropriate' changes as your child grows \u2013 more on each stage later.<\/p>"},{"meta_id":353733,"post_id":7108,"meta_key":"_edit_last","meta_value":"5","value":"5"},{"meta_id":353734,"post_id":7108,"meta_key":"_expiration-date-status","meta_value":"saved","value":"saved"},{"meta_id":353735,"post_id":7108,"meta_key":"_edit_lock","meta_value":"1626107265:5","value":"1626107265:5"},{"meta_id":355311,"post_id":7108,"meta_key":"_metadata_meta_title","meta_value":"field_5ff8482f6b791","value":"field_5ff8482f6b791"},{"meta_id":355312,"post_id":7108,"meta_key":"_metadata_meta_description","meta_value":"field_5ff848406b792","value":"field_5ff848406b792"},{"meta_id":355313,"post_id":7108,"meta_key":"metadata_do_not_allow_indexing","meta_value":"0","value":"0"},{"meta_id":355314,"post_id":7108,"meta_key":"_metadata_do_not_allow_indexing","meta_value":"field_60255d5f751c0","value":"field_60255d5f751c0"},{"meta_id":355315,"post_id":7108,"meta_key":"metadata","meta_value":"","value":""},{"meta_id":355316,"post_id":7108,"meta_key":"_metadata","meta_value":"field_5fd3830066848","value":"field_5fd3830066848"},{"meta_id":355317,"post_id":7108,"meta_key":"show_sponsored_content_disclaimer","meta_value":"0","value":"0"},{"meta_id":355318,"post_id":7108,"meta_key":"_show_sponsored_content_disclaimer","meta_value":"field_6070087df5508","value":"field_6070087df5508"},{"meta_id":355319,"post_id":7108,"meta_key":"_standfirst","meta_value":"field_5fd38e9e96b76","value":"field_5fd38e9e96b76"},{"meta_id":355320,"post_id":7108,"meta_key":"content_author","meta_value":"8069","value":"8069"},{"meta_id":355321,"post_id":7108,"meta_key":"_content_author","meta_value":"field_5fd379f22a693","value":"field_5fd379f22a693"},{"meta_id":355322,"post_id":7108,"meta_key":"hero_image","meta_value":"11225","value":"11225"},{"meta_id":355323,"post_id":7108,"meta_key":"_hero_image","meta_value":"field_6006f13821768","value":"field_6006f13821768"},{"meta_id":355324,"post_id":7108,"meta_key":"_body_0_content","meta_value":"field_5ff5e32e00b35","value":"field_5ff5e32e00b35"},{"meta_id":355325,"post_id":7108,"meta_key":"body_1_id","meta_value":"1","value":"1"},{"meta_id":355326,"post_id":7108,"meta_key":"_body_1_id","meta_value":"field_605356a45ac1b","value":"field_605356a45ac1b"},{"meta_id":355327,"post_id":7108,"meta_key":"body_2_content","meta_value":"

Child car seats must adhere to the appropriate legislation, which includes crash-simulation testing. And remember, it is the driver\u2019s responsibility to check any passengers under the age of 14 are correctly restrained.<\/p>

There are currently two valid car seat regulations in the UK (and Europe):<\/p>

ECE R44 \/ 04 (often referred to as simply, \u2018R44\u2019) was introduced in the 1980s and is still valid today. Under R44, you choose a car seat based on the child\u2019s weight with an age guideline. This regulation is labelled with an \u2018E\u2019 in a circle and then 'ECE R44', which you'll see on the seat itself.<\/p>","value":"

Child car seats must adhere to the appropriate legislation, which includes crash-simulation testing. And remember, it is the driver\u2019s responsibility to check any passengers under the age of 14 are correctly restrained.<\/p>

There are currently two valid car seat regulations in the UK (and Europe):<\/p>

ECE R44 \/ 04 (often referred to as simply, \u2018R44\u2019) was introduced in the 1980s and is still valid today. Under R44, you choose a car seat based on the child\u2019s weight with an age guideline. This regulation is labelled with an \u2018E\u2019 in a circle and then 'ECE R44', which you'll see on the seat itself.<\/p>"},{"meta_id":355328,"post_id":7108,"meta_key":"_body_2_content","meta_value":"field_5ff5e32e00b35","value":"field_5ff5e32e00b35"},{"meta_id":355329,"post_id":7108,"meta_key":"body_3_quote","meta_value":"'i-Size' refers specifically to Phase 1 of E129 introduced in 2013, relating to baby and toddler car seats. The i-Size seats differ from R44 seats as they have an additional side-impact test to assess protection if your vehicle is involved in a collision. It also ensures that children under 15 months travel in the rearward facing position, which is proven to be five times safer than the forward facing position ","value":"'i-Size' refers specifically to Phase 1 of E129 introduced in 2013, relating to baby and toddler car seats. The i-Size seats differ from R44 seats as they have an additional side-impact test to assess protection if your vehicle is involved in a collision. It also ensures that children under 15 months travel in the rearward facing position, which is proven to be five times safer than the forward facing position "},{"meta_id":355330,"post_id":7108,"meta_key":"_body_3_quote","meta_value":"field_5ff70e2f79410","value":"field_5ff70e2f79410"},{"meta_id":355331,"post_id":7108,"meta_key":"body_4_content","meta_value":"

You can identify an i-size seat as it will have an 'E' in a circle on it. Under R129, you select a car seat based on your child\u2019s height only and the car seat must be installed using an attachment system called Isofix (more on this in a minute). R129 is an evolving regulation, that is it is still being developed by safety experts, car seat manufacturers, car manufacturers and lawmakers, so keep an eye on changes to the law. A second phase of i-size has recently been introduced which is suitable for children between 100 and 135cm in height.<\/p>

It is expected that R129 will eventually replace R44. But for now, the two run alongside each other (and will do until at least 2018). We'll update this page as and when new information becomes available or changes are made to UK regulations, but basically, if you're buying new you'll want to go for an R129 height-based seat (where the child is rear-facing up to the age of 15 months). If you haven't got Isofix in your car, go for a R44 seat that is secured by the cars belt as it will be cheaper. R129 must be secured by Isofix.<\/p>

If you're already using an old R44 seat, where the child only had to be rear-facing until they reach the maximum weight for the seat (normally 13kg for a 0+ seat but check the label) you're good to keep using that for now.<\/p>

The most important thing to remember is that car seats manufactured under either regulation are legal and safe to use as long as they are installed according to the manufacturer\u2019s instructions. R129 car seats are considered to be safer due to the stricter safety standards and more robust crash simulation testing involved but either type is fine for now.<\/p>

The main issue with R44 is that many parents move their child up to the next stage of car seat before they\u2019re really ready and they aren't then secured as firmly as they should be. Some parents follow the age guideline rather than the weight while others upgrade when their child reaches the minimum weight for the next size up (rather than waiting until they are the maximum weight limit for the stage they are currently in, which is what was originally intended). R129 uses the child\u2019s height only to decide which car seat is the right size for them, helping to reduce the possibility that a parent is using a wrongly sized car seat for their child.<\/p>

Still confused? Don\u2019t worry, you\u2019re not alone. Check out our comparison below to understand how R129 ensures a higher safer standard than R44 or have a look at RoSPA's guide to child car seats<\/a>.<\/p>","value":"

You can identify an i-size seat as it will have an 'E' in a circle on it. Under R129, you select a car seat based on your child\u2019s height only and the car seat must be installed using an attachment system called Isofix (more on this in a minute). R129 is an evolving regulation, that is it is still being developed by safety experts, car seat manufacturers, car manufacturers and lawmakers, so keep an eye on changes to the law. A second phase of i-size has recently been introduced which is suitable for children between 100 and 135cm in height.<\/p>

It is expected that R129 will eventually replace R44. But for now, the two run alongside each other (and will do until at least 2018). We'll update this page as and when new information becomes available or changes are made to UK regulations, but basically, if you're buying new you'll want to go for an R129 height-based seat (where the child is rear-facing up to the age of 15 months). If you haven't got Isofix in your car, go for a R44 seat that is secured by the cars belt as it will be cheaper. R129 must be secured by Isofix.<\/p>

If you're already using an old R44 seat, where the child only had to be rear-facing until they reach the maximum weight for the seat (normally 13kg for a 0+ seat but check the label) you're good to keep using that for now.<\/p>

The most important thing to remember is that car seats manufactured under either regulation are legal and safe to use as long as they are installed according to the manufacturer\u2019s instructions. R129 car seats are considered to be safer due to the stricter safety standards and more robust crash simulation testing involved but either type is fine for now.<\/p>

The main issue with R44 is that many parents move their child up to the next stage of car seat before they\u2019re really ready and they aren't then secured as firmly as they should be. Some parents follow the age guideline rather than the weight while others upgrade when their child reaches the minimum weight for the next size up (rather than waiting until they are the maximum weight limit for the stage they are currently in, which is what was originally intended). R129 uses the child\u2019s height only to decide which car seat is the right size for them, helping to reduce the possibility that a parent is using a wrongly sized car seat for their child.<\/p>

Still confused? Don\u2019t worry, you\u2019re not alone. Check out our comparison below to understand how R129 ensures a higher safer standard than R44 or have a look at RoSPA's guide to child car seats<\/a>.<\/p>"},{"meta_id":355332,"post_id":7108,"meta_key":"_body_4_content","meta_value":"field_5ff5e32e00b35","value":"field_5ff5e32e00b35"},{"meta_id":355355,"post_id":7108,"meta_key":"body_8_content","meta_value":"

Should my baby be in a rear-facing seat?<\/h4>

Many parents hesitate at the idea of keeping a child rear facing until age four. But it's important to remember that the pressure exerted on a child\u2019s spine and neck muscles in the event of a collision are significantly reduced when rear facing. It is particularly important for babies as their heads (even at nine months old, as per R44) are still relatively large and heavy in comparison to their body and strength, meaning they are unable to prevent their head from being thrown forward in the event of a crash if in the forward-facing position. It is recommended children remain rear facing for as long as possible \u2013 at least until 15 months and up to the maximum height limit for the seat.<\/p>

From 2018 (though there's still no date as yet), it is thought that i-Size will become the regulation standard for baby and toddler car seats<\/a>. New early years car seats<\/a> purchased from 2018 onward may need to adhere to R129, not R44.<\/p>

And remember, under both R44 and R129, it is illegal for a child to sit in the front passenger seat in a rear-facing car seat<\/a> unless the airbag has been disabled. For peace of mind, it is recommended that infants always travel in the rear seats of the car in an appropriate rear-facing car seat.<\/p>","value":"

Should my baby be in a rear-facing seat?<\/h4>

Many parents hesitate at the idea of keeping a child rear facing until age four. But it's important to remember that the pressure exerted on a child\u2019s spine and neck muscles in the event of a collision are significantly reduced when rear facing. It is particularly important for babies as their heads (even at nine months old, as per R44) are still relatively large and heavy in comparison to their body and strength, meaning they are unable to prevent their head from being thrown forward in the event of a crash if in the forward-facing position. It is recommended children remain rear facing for as long as possible \u2013 at least until 15 months and up to the maximum height limit for the seat.<\/p>

From 2018 (though there's still no date as yet), it is thought that i-Size will become the regulation standard for baby and toddler car seats<\/a>. New early years car seats<\/a> purchased from 2018 onward may need to adhere to R129, not R44.<\/p>

And remember, under both R44 and R129, it is illegal for a child to sit in the front passenger seat in a rear-facing car seat<\/a> unless the airbag has been disabled. For peace of mind, it is recommended that infants always travel in the rear seats of the car in an appropriate rear-facing car seat.<\/p>"},{"meta_id":355356,"post_id":7108,"meta_key":"_body_8_content","meta_value":"field_5ff5e32e00b35","value":"field_5ff5e32e00b35"},{"meta_id":355359,"post_id":7108,"meta_key":"body_10_content","meta_value":"

Highback booster seats<\/a> provide better protection for your child (particularly their head, neck and back) in the event of a collision, and better belt routing across the shoulder, ensuring your child is more securely kept in place in an accident. They also provide better side-impact protection.<\/p>

New R44 regulations regarding the sale and use of booster cushions mean that manufacturers are no longer allowed to introduce new models of backless booster seats (booster cushions) for children shorter than 125cm and weighing less than 22kg.<\/p>

This change does not affect existing models of booster cushions which are classed as a group 2\/3 seat and can be used for children 15kg and above. It will only apply to new booster cushions, not ones which are already in use and meet existing safety standards.<\/p>

Isofix is not required for this age group as part of R44 or R129, but more and more manufacturers are including Isofix connectors on their highback boosters for added peace of mind and increased safety.<\/p>

If you're using a highback booster, you can continue using this until your child is 135cm (around age 12). Just remember to adjust the headrest and height of the back of the seat as your child grows. If you're not sure, consult the user guide for your highback booster, or check the manufacturer\u2019s website.<\/p>

Are there any times when my child does not have to use a car seat?<\/h2>

There are a few exceptional situations in which your child does not have to use a child car seat<\/a>. Outside of those circumstances listed below, it is currently illegal not to use a car seat for your child.<\/p>

Can you use a taxi with no child car seat?<\/h4>

Children can travel in taxis and minicabs that do not have a child seat. They must, however, travel on a rear seat and, if they are three years or older, use a seat belt. Children who are less than three years of age can travel without a seat belt in the rear, although this is not a safe option<\/p>

Can you use coaches and minibuses if you don't have a car seat?<\/h4>

Any child who is transported in a minibus should use a child seat if practical. In the front seats, and any exposed seat, they must use a seat belt or an appropriate child car restraint. All passengers in the rear of minibuses that have an unladen weight of 2,540kg or less must wear seat belts or use an appropriate child restraint if one is available. However, minibus operators are not required to provided child restraints, although they can choose to allow parents to provide and fit their own.<\/p>

Children under three years of age should use an appropriate child restraint.<\/p>

Children aged from three years up to their 12th birthday, and under 1.35m (approx 4'5\") tall, should use an appropriate child restraint if available, or if not available, wear the seat belt<\/p>

In minibuses over 2,540kg unladen weight, passengers aged 14 years or over must a wear seat belt. Passengers aged three to 13 years are not yet required by law to wear seat belts, although they are strongly advised to wear a seat belt, or to use a child restraint if one is available.<\/p>

Are you allowed to take a child in a car in an emergency if you don't have a car seat?<\/h4>

For unexpected journeys if an appropriate child car seat is not available, a child over three years of age can use an adult seat belt if the journey is all of the following:<\/p>

汽车座椅上的快乐宝贝

汽车座椅法例解释

英国法律规定,12岁或1.35米/4英尺4英寸(以先到者为准)以下的儿童乘坐汽车或面包车时,必须使用适合其年龄/尺寸的汽车座椅。什么被认为是“合适的”会随着孩子的成长而改变——在以后的每个阶段会更多。

广告

儿童汽车座椅必须遵守适当的法律,其中包括碰撞模拟测试。记住,司机有责任检查14岁以下的乘客是否被正确约束。

目前在英国(和欧洲)有两项有效的汽车座椅法规:

欧洲经委会R44 / 04(通常简称为“R44”)于1980年代推出,至今仍然有效。在R44下,你根据孩子的体重和年龄来选择汽车座椅。这个规则被标上了一个圆圈里的“E”,然后是“ECE R44”,你可以在座位上看到。

“i-Size”是指2013年推出的E129第1阶段,涉及婴儿和学步儿童汽车座椅。i-Size座椅与R44座椅不同,因为它们具有额外的侧面碰撞测试,以评估车辆发生碰撞时的防护性能。它还可以确保15个月以下的儿童以后向姿势行走,这被证明比前向姿势安全五倍

您可以识别i尺寸的座椅,因为其上有一个圆圈中的“E”。在R129下,您仅根据孩子的身高选择汽车座椅,汽车座椅必须使用称为Isofix的附件系统安装(稍后将详细介绍)。R129是一项不断发展的法规,也就是说,它仍在由安全专家、汽车座椅制造商、汽车制造商和立法者制定,因此请密切关注法律的变化。最近推出了第二阶段的i-size,适合身高在100到135厘米之间的儿童。

预计R129最终将取代R44。但就目前而言,这两项政策是相互配合的(至少要持续到2018年)。我们将更新这个页面,当新的信息变得可用或英国法规的变化,但基本上,如果你买新的,你会想去一个R129高度为基础的座位(那里的孩子是朝后的,直到15个月)。如果你没有Isofix在你的车,去一个R44座位是由汽车安全带,因为它将更便宜。R129必须通过Isofix进行保护。

如果你已经在使用旧的R44座椅,在那里孩子只需要向后,直到他们达到座椅的最大重量(通常为13公斤的0+座椅,但检查标签),你是好的,现在继续使用。

最重要的是要记住,在这两种规定下生产的汽车座椅是合法和安全的,只要它们是按照制造商的说明安装的。R129汽车安全座椅被认为是更安全的,因为更严格的安全标准和更健壮的碰撞模拟测试涉及,但目前任何一种类型都是好的。

R44的主要问题是,许多父母在孩子真正准备好之前就把他们的孩子转移到汽车安全座椅的下一个阶段,然后他们没有像他们应该得到的那样牢固地保护。一些家长遵循年龄指导,而不是体重,而另一些家长则在孩子达到下一个尺码的最小体重时升级(而不是等到他们达到当前阶段的最大体重限制,这是最初的计划)。R129只根据孩子的身高来决定哪种汽车座椅适合他们,这有助于减少父母为孩子使用错误大小的汽车座椅的可能性。

仍然困惑吗?别担心,你不是一个人。请查看下面我们的比较,了解R129如何确保比R44更安全的标准或看一看RoSPA的儿童汽车座椅指南

婴儿和幼儿汽车安全座椅的规定

新生儿睡在汽车座椅上

传统上,在R44下,婴儿和幼儿汽车座椅的不同阶段分别被称为0组、0+组和1组,分别适用于10kg以下、13kg以下和18kg以下的儿童。这些汽车座椅可以使用Isofix或汽车标准的三点安全带来安装,以保持座椅的位置,强烈建议婴儿背向行驶,直到他们至少九个月大或超过汽车座椅制造商的背向重量限制。

R129的第一阶段(也称为i-Size)于2013年推出,用于儿童和婴儿汽车座椅,这意味着提高了从出生到105cm(大约4岁)的儿童汽车座椅的性能标准——本质上是0组和0组+汽车座椅。这些包括更好的侧面冲击保护,Isofix安装,以及让婴儿能够朝后行走,直到至少15个月大,但最好更大。

我的孩子应该坐在朝后的座位上吗?

许多家长对于让孩子背对着脸一直到四岁的想法犹豫不决。但重要的是要记住,发生碰撞时施加在孩子脊椎和颈部肌肉上的压力在朝后时显著减少。特别重要的婴儿头部(即使是在九个月大,按R44机身内部)仍相对较大,沉重的身体和力量相比,这意味着他们无法阻止他们的头向前扔在发生事故如果在前方的位置。建议孩子们尽可能地保持朝后的姿势——至少到15个月,并达到座椅的最大高度限制。

从2018年开始(尽管目前还没有日期),人们认为i-Size将成为婴儿和青少年的监管标准婴儿汽车安全座椅新的早期汽车座椅从2018年起购买的可能需要遵守R129,而不是R44。

记住,根据R44和R129的规定,儿童坐在前排是违法的汽车后座除非安全气囊已经失效。为了安心起见,建议婴儿总是坐在汽车的后排座位上,选择一个合适的面向后的汽车座椅。

小孩坐在汽车座椅上

儿童汽车座椅(4岁以上)和儿童座椅的规定

直到2017年,儿童汽车安全座椅被称为2组(15公斤-25公斤,大约15个月至6岁)或3组(22-36公斤,大约5至12岁)。其中包括两个高靠背加高座椅和无靠背助推座椅(也称为助推垫)。这意味着体重至少为15公斤的儿童可以使用带有汽车标准三点式安全带的无靠背加高座椅。任何新设计的助推垫只能在儿童体重22公斤且身高超过125厘米时使用。一些座椅被归类为1/2/3组,适合体重为9kg-36kg的儿童。通过座椅内部线束将儿童固定在18公斤以下,然后将其拆下。

Highback助推器席位在发生碰撞时,为您的孩子提供更好的保护(特别是他们的头部、颈部和背部),并在肩膀上系好安全带,确保您的孩子在事故中更安全地呆在原地。它们还提供更好的侧面冲击保护。

关于销售和使用助推器坐垫的新R44规定意味着制造商不再允许为小于125厘米和体重低于22公斤的儿童推出无背助推器坐垫(助推器坐垫)的新型号。

此更改不影响现有型号的2/3组座椅,可适用于体重15kg及以上的儿童使用。它只适用于新的增强垫,而不是那些已经在使用并符合现有安全标准的。

作为R44或R129的一部分,该年龄组不需要Isofix,但越来越多的制造商在其highback助推器上安装Isofix连接器,以增加安心和安全性。

如果您正在使用高背助推器,您可以继续使用,直到您的孩子135厘米(大约12岁)。只要记得随着孩子的成长调整头枕和椅背的高度就可以了。如果你不确定,请查阅highback助推器的用户指南,或查看制造商的网站。

有什么时候我的孩子不需要使用安全座椅吗?

在一些特殊情况下,你的孩子不需要使用儿童汽车安全座椅.除了以下列出的情况外,目前不为您的孩子使用汽车安全座椅是违法的。

你能用一辆没有儿童座椅的出租车吗?

儿童可以乘坐没有儿童座椅的出租车和小型出租车。但是,他们必须坐后座,如果他们三岁或三岁以上,则必须系安全带。三岁以下的儿童可以在旅行时不系安全带,尽管这不是一个安全的选择

如果你没有汽车座位,你能坐长途汽车和小巴吗?

如有需要,乘坐小巴的儿童应使用儿童座椅。在前排座位和任何外露的座位上,他们必须使用安全带或适当的儿童汽车约束装置。在未载重2540kg或以下的小巴后部的所有乘客必须系上安全带,或使用适当的儿童安全带(如有)。不过,小巴营办商毋须提供儿童束缚装置,但他们可选择让家长提供并配合自己的装置。

三岁以下的儿童应使用适当的儿童约束装置。

3岁至12岁的儿童,以及身高在1.35米(约4英尺5英寸)以下的儿童,如果可以使用适当的儿童束缚装置,或者如果没有,请系上安全带

在空载重量超过2540公斤的小巴上,14岁或以上的乘客必须系好安全带。法律尚未要求3至13岁的乘客佩戴安全带,但强烈建议他们佩戴安全带,或使用儿童约束装置(如果有)。

如果你没有汽车座椅,你可以在紧急情况下带孩子上车吗?

在意外旅程中,如果没有合适的儿童汽车安全座椅,三岁以上的儿童可以使用成人安全带,但必须符合下列条件:

  • 意外(祖父母每月带你的孩子去托儿所一次并不意外。他们需要一个汽车座椅。这完全是为了紧急情况和没有选择的时候。)
  • 必要的
  • 短距离地

这一例外不适用于三岁以下的儿童。你不能带3岁以下的孩子在没有安全带或正确的儿童汽车座椅的车辆上,除非是在出租车或小型出租车上,如上所述。

我可以把小孩放在后排的两个座位中间吗?

三岁以下儿童必须坐在合适的座位上。如果你不能在汽车的后面放三个座位,孩子应该坐在儿童汽车座椅的前座,适当地安装。如果没有其他选择,三岁以上的人可以被成人安全带限制在两个座位的中间。

  • 请记住,乘坐的乘客超过汽车安全带数量是违法的。

Isofix是什么?

Isofix是一种允许儿童汽车座椅系在金属锚定点上的系统,金属锚定点连接在汽车底盘上。儿童汽车座椅刚好卡入Isofix点。

新的i型婴儿汽车座椅只能使用Isofix安装,这被认为是最安全的方式安装汽车座椅在您的汽车,因为它最大限度地减少了安装错误的机会。

如果你用婴儿车座椅,您需要购买兼容的汽车座椅底座才能使用Isofix进行安装。底座锁定在Isofix点上,然后您只需将汽车座椅点击底座即可。然而,许多婴儿、学步儿童和高靠背座椅现在都标配了Isofix。

为什么Isofix使安装更安全?

传统上,汽车座椅是使用汽车标准的三点式安全带固定的。来自Good Egg Safety(英国最大的汽车安全活动家之一)的研究表明,71%的儿童汽车座椅安装不正确。许多家长未能将安全带正确或有效地系在汽车座椅上,这意味着一旦发生碰撞,他们的孩子将面临危险。

与Isofix兼容的汽车座椅使用可伸缩齿钩入汽车的主框架,许多座椅还包括一个绿灯和红灯系统,以帮助您了解座椅安装是否正确。

在后排的乘客座椅上,找到座椅靠背和座垫之间的金属环(通常称为“H点”)。然后,按照汽车座椅的用户说明,将汽车座椅的Isofix连接器(牙齿)延伸到金属环上,倾听“咔嗒”声,显示它们连接在一起。最后,收回牙齿,使汽车座椅拉到合适的位置,紧贴汽车的原生座椅,并安全锁定到合适的位置。如果你的汽车座椅使用支撑腿,你也需要点击这个到位。如果您的车辆有地下储物柜,请与汽车制造商确认,使用这种类型的座椅是安全的。或者,它可能会使用所谓的顶部系绳,这是一种延伸到汽车后座的另一个金属环,以增加安全性。

广告

大多数现代汽车现在都与Isofix兼容。如果您不确定,请查看汽车手册,或在后排乘客座椅上寻找标有“Isofix”的标签。但别忘了检查你的汽车座椅是否与你的汽车兼容。你可以在大多数制造商的网站上这样做。

如果你对儿童座椅的任何方面都不确定你可以去皇家事故预防学会网站为更多的信息。

Baidu